Books

Petra – The Mountain of Aaron. The Finnish Archaeological Project in Jordan. Vol. II. The Nabataean Sanctuary and the Byzantine Monastery.

Buch

Zbigniew T. Fiema, Jaakko Frösén, Maija Holappa

602 pages, numerous plans and black and white and color illustrations
Year of publication: 2016
Price: 140.00 EUR
ISBN 978-951-653-410-0

Bookstore Tiedekirja

Between 1998 and 2013, the Finnish Jabal Haroun Project (FJHP) has excavated a site at the Mountain of Aaron located near the ancient city of Petra in Jordan. Initially, the site was occupied by a Nabataean sanctuary dated to the 1st century A.D. The Byzantine monastery constructed at the site in the later 5th century, included the basilica and the chapel, also incorporating the earlier Nabataean remains. The occupation of the church ended by the 9th century but other structures were probably still in use by the Crusader period.

The second volume is the major exposition of all excavated structures and the material remains associated with the entire occupation of the site (1st century A.D. – 11th/12th century A.D.), with the exception of the church and the chapel (FJHP volume I, 2008). The volume presents a wide range of subjects related to the history and archaeology of the site and its structures, including the stratigraphy, architecture, art history, archaeozoology, archaeobotany, and studies on ancient religion. The specific analyses of excavated material, also including archaeometric studies, concentrate on on ceramics, glass, inscriptions, coinage, mortars and plasters, marble furnishing, basalt millstones, metal finds, jewellery, and other miscellanean finds.

The volume also includes chapters on the creation of the virtual model of the church and the chapel as excavated, and on the virtual tour of these structures; an attached DVD contains the actual model and the tour. The volume concludes with the major presentation of culture history of the site, from the Nabataean until the Early Islamic/Crusader times, as based on the archaeological evidence and as related to the history and archaeology of Petra.

Petra – The Mountain of Aaron. The Finnish Archaeological Project in Jordan. Vol. III. The Archaeological Survey.

Buch

Paula Kouki, Mika Lavento

413 pages, 10 appendices
Year of publication: 2013
Price: 125.00 EUR
ISBN 978-951-653-400-1

The Finnish Jabal Hārūn Project (FJHP) consists of two interrelated parts: the excavation of the Byzantine monastery and pilgrimage center on the top plateau of Jabal Hārūn and the archaeological survey in the surroundings of the mountain. This volume concentrates on the FJHP archaeological survey. The volume is divided into two parts. The first part discusses the research history, survey methodology and the analyses of the collected data. The second part of this volume consists of the catalogue of sites documented by the FJHP survey. A map of the FJHP intensive survey area can be found in a pocket inside the back cover of this volume.

Men on the Rocks. The Formation of Nabataean Petra

Buch

Michel Mouton, Stephan G. Schmid (Hrsg.)

362 pages
Year of publication: 2013
Price: 73.00 EUR
ISBN 978-3-8325-3313-7

Logos Verlag Berlin

Petra in modern southern Jordan is universally known as one of the most frequented touristic sites in the Near East, inscribed on the UNESCO world heritage list. Modern visitors are attracted by the romantic aspect of the rock-cut tomb façades, heavily contrasting in their baroque stile with the desert like surrounding of the rocky and arid landscape.

These monuments were the result of the long time presence of the Arab tribe of the Nabataeans who made Petra their capital when they became, at least partially, sedentarised during the Hellenistic period, i. e. between the late 4th to late 1st centuries BC.

How exactly this process of sedentarisation happened, how the site of Petra changed from a temporary dwelling place of a small Bedouin tribe to one of the blinking capitals of the ancient Near East that attracted – as it is the case today – visitors from all over the world, was the subject of a three years research program, jointly sponsored by the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR) and the German Research Foundation (DFG). At the end of the program, an international conference, held in Berlin in December 2011, brought together several dozen of scholars from all over the world in order to pinpoint the state of research on the Formation of the Nabataean capital.

The contributions of the present volume focus on questions related to the natural environment of the site, on the geology and geography as well as on architecture, small finds and social dynamics, probably the clue for a better understanding of the functioning of the Nabataean kingdom and its capital Petra.

Juifs et Nabatéens

Buch

Christian-Georges Schwentzel

Collection: «Histoire»
306 pages
Date de publication: 2013
Prix: 18 EUR
ISBN 978-2-7535-2229-9

Presses universitaires de Rennes

Comment les monarques juifs et nabatéens parvinrent-ils à incarner leur ethnicité? Quelle était l’identité officiellement assumée par ces souverains? Par quels moyens l’imagerie officielle affichait-elle l’appartenance à un ethnos particulier, tout en revendiquant, le plus souvent, pour le monarque un statut équivalent aux autres rois contemporains? Cette ethnicité proclamée, qui semble toujours plus ou moins s’inscrire dans un contexte de bilinguisme culturel, n’était-elle pas fondamentalement ambiguë? Peut-on rapprocher les stratégies mises en œuvre par les souverains juifs et nabatéens de celles menées en Égypte par les Ptolémées, et enrichir ainsi la recherche sur les sociétés doubles ou janiformes des époques hellénistique et romaine?

Les tentatives de l’auteur pour répondre à ces questions constituent les principales lignes directrices de cet ouvrage, tiré d’un mémoire inédit de HDR, soutenu à l’université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne en novembre 2011. À la croisée des études anthropologiques et politiques sur le Proche-orient antique, ce livre se propose de mettre en évidence une forme spécifique de souverain: le monarque ethnique. Il met également en exergue des constructions politiques et identitaires originales, remettant en cause, au passage, la vision généralement défavorable qui caractérise les monarques hasmonéens ou encore Hérode le Grand dans l’historiographie traditionnelle.

Petra. Wunder in der Wüste. Auf den Spuren von J. L. Burckhardt alias Scheich Ibrahim

Buch

Bildband zur Ausstellung im Antikenmuseum Basel und Sammlung Ludwig

80 Seiten. Gebunden.
CHF 38.00 / € (D) 35.50 / € (A) 36.50
ISBN 978-3-7965-2848-4

Schwabe Verlag Basel

Tausende besuchen täglich die Ruinen von Petra in der jordanischen Wüste, die wenigsten wissen jedoch etwas über den Entdecker dieser Stadt: Am 22. August 1812, vor zweihundert Jahren, erreichte der Basler Johann Ludwig Burckhardt alias Scheich Ibrahim die Ruinenstätte. Er verband sie sogleich mit dem sagenumwobenen Petra, das im Westen in Vergessenheit geraten war. Der Schweizer Reisende legte damit den Grundstein für die Erforschung der Hauptstadt der Nabatäer, die heute zum UNESCO‑Welterbe gehört.

Aus Anlass dieses Jubiläums zeigt das Antikenmuseum Basel und Sammlung Ludwig die Ausstellung „Petra. Wunder in der Wüste. Auf den Spuren von J. L. Burckhardt alias Scheich Ibrahim“. Das Begleitbuch dazu fasst die neuesten Forschungsergebnisse zu den Nabatäern und Petra für ein breiteres Publikum auf attraktive Weise zusammen. Die reich bebilderten Beiträge haben international bekannte Fachleute verfasst. Sie beleuchten einerseits die verschiedenen Aspekte der nabatäischen Kultur im Allgemeinen und andererseits die nabatäische Hauptstadt Petra im Speziellen.

Woher kam dieses Nomadenvolk, wie wurde es sesshaft und wie gelangte es zu Reichtum? Welche Sprache verwendeten die Nabatäer und wie schrieben sie? Welche Götter verehrten sie und was wissen wir über den Kult und die Heiligtümer? Die Leserinnen und Leser erfahren auch, wie die Nabatäer es schafften, mitten in der Wüste eine ganze Stadt mit Tempeln, einem Theater und anderen öffentlichen Bauten zu errichten und mit Wasser zu versorgen. Man erfährt auch Neues über die Grabanlagen, die wohl bekanntesten Monumente Petras. Zudem werden die Ergebnisse einzelner Projekte vorgestellt, an denen auch Schweizer Forschende beteiligt sind, notabene Archäologen der Universität Basel, die zeitgleich zum Burckhardt‑Jubilaum auf 25 Jahre Feldarbeit in Petra zurückblicken können.

The Nabataeans in Focus: Current Archaeological Research at Petra

Buch

Supplement to the Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies: Volume 42 2012

Unit Price £ 30.00

Archaeopress

Content:

International Conference: The World of the Herods and the Nabataeans held at the British Museum 17–19 April 2001

Buch

Volume II: Konstantinos D. Politis (ed.), The World of the Nabataeans (2007)

392 pages, paperback
Oriens et Occidens Band 1
ISBN 978-3-515-08816-9

price € 62.- / CHF 105.40

Content:

BAR S1661 2007: Society for Arabian Studies Monographs 5 Natural Resources and Cultural Connections of the Red Sea

Proceedings of Red Sea Project III held in the British Museum October 2006 edited by Janet Starkey, Paul Starkey and Tony Wilkinson. ISBN 9781407300979. £36.00. ix+261 pages; illustrated throughout with figures, maps, drawings and photographs; Index.

The Proceedings of Red Sea Project III held in the British Museum, London, in October 2006. Contents:

„Papers from the thirty-ninth meeting of the Seminar for Arabian Studies held in London, 21–23 July 2005“

Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 36 (2006). 299 pages, numerous figures, plans, maps, drawings and photographs. Archaeopress (Oxford). ISSN 0308 8421, ISBN 0-905739-01-X. £ 45.00

Ehud Netzer, „The Architecture of Herod, the Great Builder“

Ehud Netzer, The Architecture of Herodes the Great

Texts and Studies in Ancient Judaism 117 (2006).

443 pages.
Verlag Mohr Siebeck (Tübingen)
ISBN 3-16-148570-X
Euro 129.–

Herod the Great was one of the famous builders of the classical world. Judaea, his kingdom, a crossroads between the Eastern Mediterranean countries, Mesopotamia, Arabia, and Egypt, symbolizes the transition between the Hellenistic and Early Roman periods as well as the climax of the Second Temple period, which witnessed the emergence of many religious and spiritual movements including Christianity. Beyond the influence of the matured Hellenistic architecture, the developing Roman architecture, and the local building activity of his predecessors, the Hasmonaeans, Herod’s buildings benefited from his analytical mind, creative imagination, and deep understanding of the process of building and planning. The consequences are outstanding structures such as Masada’s Northern Palace and Herodium’s cylindrical palatial fortress, and the peak of his achievements are Caesarea Maritima with its deepwater harbor and the rebuilding of Jerusalem’s Temple Mount.

Having an architectural as well as an archaeological background, Ehud Netzer is able to highlight Herod’s personal involvement and contributions in his building projects. This book presents, in many aspects, the first comprehensive synthesis of Herod’s enterprises from archaeological and, mainly, architectural viewpoints.

Shaher M. Rababeh, „How Petra was Built. An analysis of the construction techniques of the Nabataean freestanding buildings and rock-cut monuments in Petra, Jordan“

British Archaeological Reports (BAR) S1460. XII and 237 pages, 160 figures, maps, plans, drawings and photographs. ISBN 184171898X. £ 36.00

Abstract: Until now, no study has been made of the construction techniques of the Nabataean freestanding buildings and the rock-cut monuments of Petra, Jordan (built from the 1st cent. BC to the 2nd cent. AD). Their technical features were documented by fieldwork, and this evidence was then analysed to determine precisely when and why these features appeared or evolved. This leads to explaining how the Nabataeans developed their architecture, and what types of construction techniques they used to bring Petra’s architecture to its peak. The historical and geographical context for the architecture of Petra is presented, with a summary of previous scholarship on the site. The focus moves to the building materials used by the Nabataeans which are found to influence the construction techniques they developed. This is followed by a detailed discussion of quarrying and the rock-cut techniques. The procedures for dressing ashlar blocks and the facades of the rock-cut monuments are analysed to determine the tools used by the builders, as well as the lifting devices necessary for construction of the freestanding buildings. The technical aspects of the construction of walls, columns, floors, the anti-seismic and stabilising techniques developed by the Nabataeans are considered. Finally, the construction of roofs is examined in detail. The results of the study reveal the sources of the building techniques used at Petra and why they were further developed there.

Three reviews:

Isabelle Ruben (ed.), „The Petra Siq: Nabataean Hydrology Uncovered“

Buch

Petra National Trust 2003

140 pages, 158 b/w and color plans and plates, 3 maps, 7 tables

ISBN 9957855506

£ 17.50

The Petra Siq is an in-depth presentation of results from excavations between 1996 and 2000. The excavations re-expose the ‚Siq‘ as the Nabataean’s sacred entrance to Petra ans its significance to religion in Nabataean society; whilst highlighting the importance of the ‚Siq‘ as part of the larger water management system of the area.

Previously only available on-site in Petra or Amman, we are delighted to announce that „The Petra Siq: Nabataean Hydrology Uncovered“ is now available internationally from Oxbow Books.