Petra – The Mountain of Aaron. The Finnish Archaeological Project in Jordan. Vol. II. The Nabataean Sanctuary and the Byzantine Monastery.
Zbigniew T. Fiema, Jaakko Frösén, Maija Holappa
602 pages, numerous plans and black and white and color illustrations
Year of publication: 2016
Price: 140.00 EUR
Between 1998 and 2013, the Finnish Jabal Haroun Project (FJHP) has excavated a site at the Mountain of Aaron located near the ancient city of Petra in Jordan. Initially, the site was occupied by a Nabataean sanctuary dated to the 1st century A.D. The Byzantine monastery constructed at the site in the later 5th century, included the basilica and the chapel, also incorporating the earlier Nabataean remains. The occupation of the church ended by the 9th century but other structures were probably still in use by the Crusader period.
The second volume is the major exposition of all excavated structures and the material remains associated with the entire occupation of the site (1st century A.D. – 11th/12th century A.D.), with the exception of the church and the chapel (FJHP volume I, 2008). The volume presents a wide range of subjects related to the history and archaeology of the site and its structures, including the stratigraphy, architecture, art history, archaeozoology, archaeobotany, and studies on ancient religion. The specific analyses of excavated material, also including archaeometric studies, concentrate on on ceramics, glass, inscriptions, coinage, mortars and plasters, marble furnishing, basalt millstones, metal finds, jewellery, and other miscellanean finds.
The volume also includes chapters on the creation of the virtual model of the church and the chapel as excavated, and on the virtual tour of these structures; an attached DVD contains the actual model and the tour. The volume concludes with the major presentation of culture history of the site, from the Nabataean until the Early Islamic/Crusader times, as based on the archaeological evidence and as related to the history and archaeology of Petra.
Petra – The Mountain of Aaron. The Finnish Archaeological Project in Jordan. Vol. III. The Archaeological Survey.
Paula Kouki, Mika Lavento
413 pages, 10 appendices
Year of publication: 2013
Price: 125.00 EUR
The Finnish Jabal Hārūn Project (FJHP) consists of two interrelated parts: the excavation of the Byzantine monastery and pilgrimage center on the top plateau of Jabal Hārūn and the archaeological survey in the surroundings of the mountain. This volume concentrates on the FJHP archaeological survey. The volume is divided into two parts. The first part discusses the research history, survey methodology and the analyses of the collected data. The second part of this volume consists of the catalogue of sites documented by the FJHP survey. A map of the FJHP intensive survey area can be found in a pocket inside the back cover of this volume.
Men on the Rocks. The Formation of Nabataean Petra
Michel Mouton, Stephan G. Schmid (Hrsg.)
Year of publication: 2013
Price: 73.00 EUR
Logos Verlag Berlin
Petra in modern southern Jordan is universally known as one of the most frequented touristic sites in the Near East, inscribed on the UNESCO world heritage list. Modern visitors are attracted by the romantic aspect of the rock-cut tomb façades, heavily contrasting in their baroque stile with the desert like surrounding of the rocky and arid landscape.
These monuments were the result of the long time presence of the Arab tribe of the Nabataeans who made Petra their capital when they became, at least partially, sedentarised during the Hellenistic period, i. e. between the late 4th to late 1st centuries BC.
How exactly this process of sedentarisation happened, how the site of Petra changed from a temporary dwelling place of a small Bedouin tribe to one of the blinking capitals of the ancient Near East that attracted – as it is the case today – visitors from all over the world, was the subject of a three years research program, jointly sponsored by the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR) and the German Research Foundation (DFG). At the end of the program, an international conference, held in Berlin in December 2011, brought together several dozen of scholars from all over the world in order to pinpoint the state of research on the Formation of the Nabataean capital.
The contributions of the present volume focus on questions related to the natural environment of the site, on the geology and geography as well as on architecture, small finds and social dynamics, probably the clue for a better understanding of the functioning of the Nabataean kingdom and its capital Petra.
Juifs et Nabatéens
Date de publication: 2013
Prix: 18 EUR
Presses universitaires de Rennes
Comment les monarques juifs et nabatéens parvinrent-ils à incarner leur ethnicité? Quelle était l’identité officiellement assumée par ces souverains? Par quels moyens l’imagerie officielle affichait-elle l’appartenance à un ethnos particulier, tout en revendiquant, le plus souvent, pour le monarque un statut équivalent aux autres rois contemporains? Cette ethnicité proclamée, qui semble toujours plus ou moins s’inscrire dans un contexte de bilinguisme culturel, n’était-elle pas fondamentalement ambiguë? Peut-on rapprocher les stratégies mises en œuvre par les souverains juifs et nabatéens de celles menées en Égypte par les Ptolémées, et enrichir ainsi la recherche sur les sociétés doubles ou janiformes des époques hellénistique et romaine?
Les tentatives de l’auteur pour répondre à ces questions constituent les principales lignes directrices de cet ouvrage, tiré d’un mémoire inédit de HDR, soutenu à l’université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne en novembre 2011. À la croisée des études anthropologiques et politiques sur le Proche-orient antique, ce livre se propose de mettre en évidence une forme spécifique de souverain: le monarque ethnique. Il met également en exergue des constructions politiques et identitaires originales, remettant en cause, au passage, la vision généralement défavorable qui caractérise les monarques hasmonéens ou encore Hérode le Grand dans l’historiographie traditionnelle.
Petra. Wunder in der Wüste. Auf den Spuren von J. L. Burckhardt alias Scheich Ibrahim
Bildband zur Ausstellung im Antikenmuseum Basel und Sammlung Ludwig
80 Seiten. Gebunden.
CHF 38.00 / € (D) 35.50 / € (A) 36.50
Schwabe Verlag Basel
Tausende besuchen täglich die Ruinen von Petra in der jordanischen Wüste, die wenigsten wissen jedoch etwas über den Entdecker dieser Stadt: Am 22. August 1812, vor zweihundert Jahren, erreichte der Basler Johann Ludwig Burckhardt alias Scheich Ibrahim die Ruinenstätte. Er verband sie sogleich mit dem sagenumwobenen Petra, das im Westen in Vergessenheit geraten war. Der Schweizer Reisende legte damit den Grundstein für die Erforschung der Hauptstadt der Nabatäer, die heute zum UNESCO‑Welterbe gehört.
Aus Anlass dieses Jubiläums zeigt das Antikenmuseum Basel und Sammlung Ludwig die Ausstellung „Petra. Wunder in der Wüste. Auf den Spuren von J. L. Burckhardt alias Scheich Ibrahim“. Das Begleitbuch dazu fasst die neuesten Forschungsergebnisse zu den Nabatäern und Petra für ein breiteres Publikum auf attraktive Weise zusammen. Die reich bebilderten Beiträge haben international bekannte Fachleute verfasst. Sie beleuchten einerseits die verschiedenen Aspekte der nabatäischen Kultur im Allgemeinen und andererseits die nabatäische Hauptstadt Petra im Speziellen.
Woher kam dieses Nomadenvolk, wie wurde es sesshaft und wie gelangte es zu Reichtum? Welche Sprache verwendeten die Nabatäer und wie schrieben sie? Welche Götter verehrten sie und was wissen wir über den Kult und die Heiligtümer? Die Leserinnen und Leser erfahren auch, wie die Nabatäer es schafften, mitten in der Wüste eine ganze Stadt mit Tempeln, einem Theater und anderen öffentlichen Bauten zu errichten und mit Wasser zu versorgen. Man erfährt auch Neues über die Grabanlagen, die wohl bekanntesten Monumente Petras. Zudem werden die Ergebnisse einzelner Projekte vorgestellt, an denen auch Schweizer Forschende beteiligt sind, notabene Archäologen der Universität Basel, die zeitgleich zum Burckhardt‑Jubilaum auf 25 Jahre Feldarbeit in Petra zurückblicken können.
The Nabataeans in Focus: Current Archaeological Research at Petra
Supplement to the Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies: Volume 42 2012
Unit Price £ 30.00
- Laïla Nehmé – Lucy Wadeson, Introduction – The Nabataeans in focus
- Susan E. Alcock – Alex R. Knodell, Landscapes north of Petra: the Petra Area and Wādī Silaysil Survey (Brown University Petra Archaeological Project, 2010–2011)
- Chaim Ben David, Nabataean or Late Roman? Reconsidering the date of the built sections and milestones along the Petra–Gaza road
- Zbigniew T. Fiema, Reinventing the sacred: from shrine to monastery at Jabal Hārūn
- F. Renel – M. Mouton – C. Augé – C. Gauthier – C. Hatté – J-F. Saliège – A. Zazzo, Dating the early phases under the temenos of the Qasr al-Bint at Petra
- Marie-Jeanne Roche, A Nabataean shrine to Isis in Wādī Abū Ullayqah, in the south-west of Petra
- Stephan G. Schmid – Piotr Bienkowski – Zbigniew T. Fiema – Bernhard Kolb, The palaces of the Nabataean kings at Petra
- Lucy Wadeson, The funerary landscape of Petra: results from a new study
- Robert Wenning – Laurent Gorgerat, The International Aslah Project, Petra: new research and new questions
International Conference: The World of the Herods and the Nabataeans held at the British Museum 17–19 April 2001
Volume II: Konstantinos D. Politis (ed.), The World of the Nabataeans (2007)
392 pages, paperback
Oriens et Occidens Band 1
price € 62.- / CHF 105.40
- K. D. Politis, Prologue
- N. Lewis, The Rediscovery of Petra, 1807–1818
- R. Wenning, The Nabataeans in History (Before AD 106)
- J. F. Healey, Nabataean Inscriptions: Language and Script
- J. R. Bartlett, Nabataean Religion
- J. Patrich, Nabataean Art between East and West: A Methodical Assessment
- L. Tholbecq, Nabataean Monumental Architecture
- B. Kolb, Nabataean Dwellings: Domestic Architecture and Interior Decoration
- D. Graf, Nabataeans under Roman Rule (After AD 106)
- K. D. Politis, Nabataean Cultural Continuity into the Byzantine Period
- F. Zayadine, The Spice Trade from South Arabia and India to Nabataea and Palestine
- J. P. Oleson, Nabataean Water Supply, Irrigation and Agriculture
- J. Studer, Animal Exploitation in the Nabataean World
- P. J. Parr, The Urban Development of Petra
- H. Granger-Taylor, Textiles of the Graeco-Roman Period from the Dead Sea Region
- S. G. Schmid, Nabataean Fine-ware Pottery
- J. R. B. Mason, Experimenting the Manufacture of Nabataean Fine-ware Pottery
- J. M. C. Bowsher, Monetary Interchange in Nabataean Petra
- S. Rosen, The Nabataeans as Pastoral Nomads: An Archaeological Perspective
- Z. Aslan, The Cultural and Heritage Management of Petra
- G. W. Bowersock, Epilogue
BAR S1661 2007: Society for Arabian Studies Monographs 5 Natural Resources and Cultural Connections of the Red Sea
Proceedings of Red Sea Project III held in the British Museum October 2006 edited by Janet Starkey, Paul Starkey and Tony Wilkinson. ISBN 9781407300979. £36.00. ix+261 pages; illustrated throughout with figures, maps, drawings and photographs; Index.
The Proceedings of Red Sea Project III held in the British Museum, London, in October 2006. Contents:
- Environment, landscapes and archaeology of the Yemeni Tihamah (R. Neil Munro and Tony J. Wilkinson)
- The formation of a southern Red Sea seascape in the Late Prehistoric Period: Tracing cross-Red Sea culture-contact, interaction, and maritime communities along the Tihamah coastal plain, Yemen, in the third to first millennium BC (Lamya Khalidi)
- Products from the Read Sea at Petra in the Medieval Period (Stephan G Schmid and Jacqueline Studer)
- Continuing studies of plants and animals and their Arabic names from the Royal Danish Expedition to the Red Sea, 1761–1763 (F. Nigel Hepper)
- Coral reef conservation and the current status of reefs of the Ras Mohamed National Park in the northern Red Sea and Gulf of Aqabah (Steve McMellor and David J Smith)
- How fast is fast? Technology, trade and speed under sail in the Roman Red Sea (Julian Whitewright)
- Warships in the Red Sea, An Outstanding Phenomenon (Sarah Arenson)
- Features of Ships and Boats in the Indian Ocean (Norbert Weismann)
- Decorative Motifs on Red Sea Boats: Meaning and Identity (Dionisius A. Agius)
- The Red Sea Jalbah. Local Phenomenon or Regional Prototype? (James Edgar Taylor)
- Charting a Hazardous Sea (Sarah Searight); Red Sea Harbours, Hinterlands and Relationships in Preclassical Antiquity (Kenneth A. Kitchen)
- Sea port to punt: new evidence from Marsâ Gawâsîs, Red Sea (Egypt) (Kathryn A. Bard, Rodolfo Fattovich and Cheryl Ward)
- The Arabaegypti Ichthyophagi: Cultural Connections with Egypt and the Maintenance of Identity (Ross Iain Thomas)
- Aila and Clysma: The Rise of Northern Ports in the Red Sea in Late Antiquity (Walter Ward)
- Shipwrecks, Coffee and Canals: the Landscapes of Suez (Janet Starkey)
- What is the Evidence for External Trading Contacts on the East African coast in the first millennium bc? (Paul J. J. Sinclair)
- The ‚Arabians‘ of pre-Islamic Egypt (Tim Power)
- Red Sea and Indian Ocean: Ports and their Hinterland (Eivind Heldaas Seland)
- Bishops and Traders: The Role of Christianity in the Indian Ocean during the Roman Period (Roberta Tomber)
- Arabic Sources for the Ming Voyages (Paul Lunde)
- From the White Sea to the Red Sea: Piri Reis and the Ottoman conquest of Egypt (Paul Starkey)
„Papers from the thirty-ninth meeting of the Seminar for Arabian Studies held in London, 21–23 July 2005“
Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 36 (2006). 299 pages, numerous figures, plans, maps, drawings and photographs. Archaeopress (Oxford). ISSN 0308 8421, ISBN 0-905739-01-X. £ 45.00
Ehud Netzer, „The Architecture of Herod, the Great Builder“
Texts and Studies in Ancient Judaism 117 (2006).
Verlag Mohr Siebeck (Tübingen)
Herod the Great was one of the famous builders of the classical world. Judaea, his kingdom, a crossroads between the Eastern Mediterranean countries, Mesopotamia, Arabia, and Egypt, symbolizes the transition between the Hellenistic and Early Roman periods as well as the climax of the Second Temple period, which witnessed the emergence of many religious and spiritual movements including Christianity. Beyond the influence of the matured Hellenistic architecture, the developing Roman architecture, and the local building activity of his predecessors, the Hasmonaeans, Herod’s buildings benefited from his analytical mind, creative imagination, and deep understanding of the process of building and planning. The consequences are outstanding structures such as Masada’s Northern Palace and Herodium’s cylindrical palatial fortress, and the peak of his achievements are Caesarea Maritima with its deepwater harbor and the rebuilding of Jerusalem’s Temple Mount.
Having an architectural as well as an archaeological background, Ehud Netzer is able to highlight Herod’s personal involvement and contributions in his building projects. This book presents, in many aspects, the first comprehensive synthesis of Herod’s enterprises from archaeological and, mainly, architectural viewpoints.
Shaher M. Rababeh, „How Petra was Built. An analysis of the construction techniques of the Nabataean freestanding buildings and rock-cut monuments in Petra, Jordan“
British Archaeological Reports (BAR) S1460. XII and 237 pages, 160 figures, maps, plans, drawings and photographs. ISBN 184171898X. £ 36.00
Abstract: Until now, no study has been made of the construction techniques of the Nabataean freestanding buildings and the rock-cut monuments of Petra, Jordan (built from the 1st cent. BC to the 2nd cent. AD). Their technical features were documented by fieldwork, and this evidence was then analysed to determine precisely when and why these features appeared or evolved. This leads to explaining how the Nabataeans developed their architecture, and what types of construction techniques they used to bring Petra’s architecture to its peak. The historical and geographical context for the architecture of Petra is presented, with a summary of previous scholarship on the site. The focus moves to the building materials used by the Nabataeans which are found to influence the construction techniques they developed. This is followed by a detailed discussion of quarrying and the rock-cut techniques. The procedures for dressing ashlar blocks and the facades of the rock-cut monuments are analysed to determine the tools used by the builders, as well as the lifting devices necessary for construction of the freestanding buildings. The technical aspects of the construction of walls, columns, floors, the anti-seismic and stabilising techniques developed by the Nabataeans are considered. Finally, the construction of roofs is examined in detail. The results of the study reveal the sources of the building techniques used at Petra and why they were further developed there.
- J. J. Coulton, Formerly Reader in Classical Archaeology, University of Oxford. „Using his practical experience as an architect as well as extensive and detailed fieldwork, Dr. Rababeh has provided an illuminating analysis of Nabataean buildings, showing how they drew on, and modified, previous Levantine and Hellenistic methods to suit local materials and local requirements.“
- Judith McKenzie, author of The Architecture of Petra: „Other books cover the architectural styles of the monuments of Petra. Shaher er-Rababeh’s is the first to focus on the subject of how they were built, both the rock-cut tombs and the freestanding buildings. He methodically presents the results of months of first-hand examination of the evidence. Each aspect of building construction is analysed making wide-ranging use of recent scholarship on ancient building techniques. Just as the Nabataeans made their desert environment habitable with complex water-collection systems, they refined local, Egyptian, Greek and Roman construction techniques to suit the city’s rose red sandstone and other available building materials. Rababeh shows the Nabataean construction techniques were just as distinctive in their details as the style of their architecture – which they created from classical Alexandrian and Near Eastern elements. He makes interesting discoveries. The stone cut away when the tombs were carved was used to erect the city’s freestanding buildings. Rababeh shows how Petra has the earliest extensive examples of timber used to strengthen stone masonry buildings, as later seen on the Ka’ba at Mekka.“
- Ehud Netzer, author of Nabataeische Architektur: „This comprehensive study of the building systems in the Nabataean world is a pioneering work. It deals with all aspects from wall foundations to roof tiles; simple constructions and monumental ones; freestanding buildings and monuments cut into the rock. Shaher’s new book widens our knowledge of the enchanted world of Nabataean architecture.“
Isabelle Ruben (ed.), „The Petra Siq: Nabataean Hydrology Uncovered“
Petra National Trust 2003
140 pages, 158 b/w and color plans and plates, 3 maps, 7 tables
The Petra Siq is an in-depth presentation of results from excavations between 1996 and 2000. The excavations re-expose the ‚Siq‘ as the Nabataean’s sacred entrance to Petra ans its significance to religion in Nabataean society; whilst highlighting the importance of the ‚Siq‘ as part of the larger water management system of the area.
Previously only available on-site in Petra or Amman, we are delighted to announce that „The Petra Siq: Nabataean Hydrology Uncovered“ is now available internationally from Oxbow Books.